UMSOD Orthodontics History
The University of Maryland School of Dentistry (UMSOD) is the first dental college in the world. It originated in 1840 when the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery was chartered by the General Assembly of Maryland. The present dental school evolved through a series of consolidations: the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, founded in 1840; Maryland Dental College, founded in 1873; the Dental Department of the University of Maryland, founded in 1882; and the Dental Department of the Baltimore Medical College, founded in 1895. The final consolidation took place in 1923, when BCDS and the Dental Department of the University of Maryland were combined to create a distinct college of the university under state supervision and control.
The Division of Orthodontics was founded in 1938, when George M. Anderson became the first chair of a developing unofficial program. He was succeeded by Kyrle William Preis, who was head of orthodontics from 1948 to 1968. John Grewe was appointed chair in 1968, and created the Graduate Program in Orthodontics in 1970. Over the years, the program has provided the highest quality treatment to Maryland residents. It has contributed to the profession of Orthodontics by engaging in innovative research and educating new members of the general dentistry and orthodontic communities.
- George M. Anderson - 1938-1948
- Kyrle William Preis - 1948-1968
- John Grewe - 1968-1989
- William Davidson 1989-2011
- Stuart Josell - 2003-2012
- Eung-Kwon Pae -2013-2017
- Vineet Dhar (Interim) 2017- Present
About the Program
Postdoctoral specialty training in orthodontics at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry is a three-year program. Four new residents are selected each year for admission into the postdoctoral program in orthodontics. The program provides its residents with sound a didactic background based on five pillars: biomechanics, diagnosis and treatment planning, biology of tooth movement, growth and development and ABO preparation.
Residents are exposed to many different orthodontic techniques and appliances on various philosophies. Since the postdoctoral clinic is situated on the campus of the Health Sciences Center of the University of Maryland, residents have ample opportunity to co-work with other disciplines in dental and medical fields. Residents are introduced to a multidisciplinary approach to treatment that includes perio-orthodontic treatment, surgical-orthodontic treatment, pre- and post-restorative treatment, such as impilant restorations, and grand case conferences with all disciplines involved.
The orthodontic program also provides its residents with experience as instructors, teaching both laboratory and clinical orthodontics to predoctoral dental students at the School of Dentistry. All residents must conduct an original research project during their three years in the program. At the end of the project, the residents must prepare a written paper about their study and defend their thesis to a panel of faculty members. Their research outcomes will be reported at national or international meetings and consequently published in academic journals.
Scope of Training
Residents gain experience in the treatment of patients with all types of dentofacial deformities. A broad mastery of alternative techniques with different variations of the Edgewise appliance is emphasized, along with modern forms of removable appliances. Treatment is provided for adults, adolescents, and children. Orthodontic residents also provide orthodontic treatment in complex rehabilitation cases in coordination with speciality residents in prosthodontics, periodontics, and pediatric dentistry. Surgical orthognathic cases are treated in conjunction with oral-maxillofacial surgery residents at the University of Maryland Medical System and Johns Hopkins University Hospital.
Through an extensive series of lectures, seminars, and case conferences, a comprehensive didactic background in relevant basic sciences and clinical orthodontics is provided to the residents. Each resident, working with a faculty supervisor, must complete an original research project and be ready for publication. Residents serve as instructors in the predoctoral clinic and supervise minor tooth movement and space maintenance procedures.
While pursuing a certificate in orthodontics, the residents will be enrolled in a master of science degree program in oral biology. Courses taken for the master's degree will also satisfy some certificate requirements.