Three-Dimensional Tongue Surface Shapes

Vowels 
Consonants 

bee

hill

si

run

fate 

sing

be

car

ha

pass

father 

wish

thought 

both

boa

-

boo

-

shoe

-

bu

-


References:

Stone, M. and Lundberg, A. (1996)  Three-Dimensional Tongue Surface Shapes of English Consonants and Vowels. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 (6), 3728-3737.
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Lundberg, A., and Stone, M. (1998) Reconstructing the Tongue Surface from Six Cross-Sectional Contours: Ultrasound Data. International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Sydney, Australia, December 1998, Paper #865, 4pp.
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Lundberg, A. and Stone, M. (1999)  Three-Dimensional Tongue Surface Reconstruction: Practical Considerations for Ultrasound Imaging. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 105 (5): 2858-2867.
Click here to download paper