Upper surface of a 3D rectangularFinite Element Model, with 5 independently controlled tongue segments.
The tongue can be divided into independently controlled (uncorrelated) “functional segments.” The movie shows five coronal tongue slices from front to back for “it ran” and “it rang” (red) and their reconstructed surface motion. At left are the tongue shape differences at each segment.
To see the raw data click here. To see the full 3D movies click here.
Stone, M., Epstein, M., and Iskarous, K. Functional segments in tongue movement. International Journal of Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics. (to appear 2004) Click here to download.
Yang, CS., and Stone, M., (2002) Dynamic Programming Method For Temporal Registration Of Three-Dimensional Tongue Surface Motion From Multiple Utterances. Speech Communication. Vol. 38, Nos. 1-2, September 2002, pp. 199-207. Click here to download.